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Products»EuroProt+»OGYD/DGYD» OGYD Distributed busbar protection
84HP wide

Protecta offers two different types of busbar protection. Essentially, both work on the well-known principle: the sum of the currents flowing into and out of the busbar results zero if there are no internal faults. If the sum is not zero, there is an internal fault and a fast trip command is generated. The scheme in both versions is the low-impedance, biased differential scheme, the application of Kirchhoff`s node law.


The difference between the two types is the structure of the differential protection system:

  • Distributed (Decentralized) version:
    • In this version other individual protective devices of the bays (distance protection, overcurrent protection, etc., or potentially dedicated bay units) are involved in the busbar protection scheme as bay units. Their location in the substation depends on the bay structure of the primary system. These devices perform the sampling of the currents and they have access to all information needed for the busbar protection system.This information is sent by a fiber optic link to the central unit. The calculation and decision is performed by the central unit and the dedicated trip commands are sent back to the devices also via fiber optic links.
  • Centralized version:
    • If the number of bays connected to the busbar is limited (there are a maximum of 6 bays), the tasks related to the three-phase busbar differential protection function are performed within one device. If there are more bays, the tasks are divided among three independent devices. Each of them is responsible for the differential protection of one phase (L1, L2 or L3) of the busbar. This version can be considered as a centralized version.
The EuroCAP configuration tool, which is available free of charge, offers a user-friendly and flexible application for protection, control and measurement functions to ensure that the IED-EP+ devices are fully customisable.

General features

  • Native IEC 61850 IED with Edition 2 compatibility
  • Scalable hardware to adapt to different applications
  • 84 HP or 42HP wide rack size (height: 3U)
  • The pre-defined factory configuration can be customized to the user’s specification with the powerful EuroCAP tool
  • Flexible protection and control functionality to meet special customer requirements
  • Advanced HMI functionality via color touchscreen and embedded WEB server, extended measuring, control and monitoring functions
  • User configurable LCD user screens, which can display SLDs (Single Line Diagrams) with switchgear position indication and control as well as measuring values and several types of controllable objects.
  • Various protection setting groups available
  • Enhanced breaker monitoring and control
  • High capacity disturbance recorder (DRE) and event logging (data is stored in non-volatile memory):
    • DRE for up to 32 analogue and 64 digital signal channels.
    • Event recorder can store more than 10,000 events.
  • Several mounting methods: Rack; Flush mounting; Semi-flush mounting; Wall mounting; Wall-mounting with terminals; Flush mounting with IP54 rated cover.
  • Wide range of communication protocols:
    • Ethernet-based communication: IEC61850; IEC60870-5-104; DNP3.0 TCP; Modbus TCP
    • Serial communication: DNP3.0; IEC60870-5-101/103; MODBUS, SPA
  • The EuroProt+ family can handle several communication protocols simultaneously.
  • Built-in self-monitoring to detect internal hardware or software errors
  • Different time sources available: NTP server; Minute pulse; Legacy protocol master; IRIG-B000 or IRIG-B12X
84HP wide

The OGYD product type is designed specifically to be the main unit of a distributed low-impedance busbar protection system to protect bus schemes up to 30 bays; it is a member of the EuroProt+ product family.

Scope of application

  • The protection function is performed within one central device but the analog currents and status signals from all bays of the busbar are accessed by protection devices dedicated to the bay;
  • The bay units can perform any other protection function but they communicate binary information to the device via fiber optic links;
  • Dynamic busbar replica, based on disconnector status signals;
  • High stability in case of external faults in spite of current transformer saturation;
  • Short tripping time;
  • Selectivity for internal fault, only the bays connected to the faulty busbar section are disconnected, all other bays remain in continuous operation;
  • Easy to extend according to the busbar configuration;
  • Easy adaptation of the function for different primary bus systems:
    • Single busbar,
    • Up to quadruple busbar,
    • Ring bus,
    • 1 ½ circuit breaker arrangement,
    • Bus couplers,
    • Bus sectionalizers with one or two current transformers,
    • Transfer bus;
  • Individual numerical calculation and decision for all three phases;
  • Stabilized differential current characteristics;
  • Security and stability are increased through special software features;
    • Voltage breakdown condition,
    • Implemented Check zone criteria to increase stabilit,
    • Saturated waveform compensation.

The OGYD type is a collection of the following configurations:

  • E1-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 3 sub-units
  • E2-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 6 sub-units
  • E8-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 24 sub-units
  • E10-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 30 sub-units
Protection & Control functions

The numerical protection integrates two independent protection functions:

  • Numerical differential protection,
  • Breaker failure protection.

These functions are discussed together because breaker failure protection utilizes the processed status information of the busbar protection to disconnect only the section of the busbar to which the faulty circuit breaker is connected. Consequently, other zones may remain in continuous service.

Protection & control functions IEC ANSI *Inst.
Distributed busbar differential and breaker failure protection function 3IdB> 87B 1
*The INST. column contains the numbers of the pre-configured function blocks in the factory configuration.These numbers may be different in order to meet the user’s requirements.
Type description version Format Date Size
Busbar protection 1.0 05/04/2019 1.17 MB
Hardware Guides version Format Date Size
Hardware description 2.00 10/02/2023
4.24 MB
Maintenance guide 2.0 18/11/2022 769.82 KB
Application Guides version Format Date Size
OGYD connection diagram 1.0 17/05/2017 207.48 KB
Operating Manual and Troubleshooting Guide FW version 2.8 1.4 14/03/2023
3.59 MB
IEC61850 documents version Format Date Size
Protocol Implementation Extra Information - PIXIT 1.1 20/03/2017 259.27 KB
Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement - PICS 1.1 20/03/2017 261.09 KB
Model Implementation Conformance Statement - MICS 1.0 21/05/2012 864.71 KB
Configuration Descriptions version Format Date Size
OGYD general configuration description 1.0 26/01/2015 3.33 MB
E1-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 13/01/2023 -
E2-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 13/01/2023 -
E3-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 13/01/2023 -
E4-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 13/01/2023 -
E5-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 13/01/2023 -
E6-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 22/11/2022 -
E7-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 22/11/2022 -
E8-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 22/11/2022 -
E10-DBBP product configuration options 4.1 22/11/2022 -
Protecta products can be ordered by using an Order Code. This code specifies the hardware and the configuration.
Please always refer to a valid Order Code when placing an order.
The Order Code page can be opened by clicking the link below.


  • E1-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 3 sub-units
  • E2-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 6 sub-units
  • E3-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 9 sub-units
  • E4-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 12 sub-units
  • E5-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 15 sub-units
  • E6-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 18 sub-units
  • E7-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 21 sub-units
  • E8-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 24 sub-units
  • E10-DBBP: Distributed busbar protection for 30 sub-units
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